What exactly is mental health?

What exactly is mental health?

The term “emotional wellbeing” refers to a human’s cognitive, behavioural, and emotional well-being. It all comes down to how people think, feel, and act. The term “mental health” is sometimes used to refer to the absence of a mental disorder.


Mental health can have an impact on daily life, relationships, and physical health.

This link, however, also works in the opposite direction. Personal factors, interpersonal relationships, and physical factors can all contribute to mental health disruptions.

Taking care of one’s mental health can help one retain their ability to enjoy life. This entails striking a balance between one’s daily activities, responsibilities, and efforts to achieve psychological resilience.

Stress, depression, and anxiety can all have an impact on a person’s mental health and disrupt their routine.


Despite the fact that the term “mental health” is in use,Many conditions recognised by doctors as psychological disorders have physical roots.

In this article, we will define mental health and mental illness. We also discuss the most common types of mental disorders, including early warning signs and treatment options.


The following factors may all play a role in mental health problems


Constant social and economic stress


Being poor or belonging to a marginalised or persecuted ethnic group can increase the risk of developing mental health problems.


According to a 2015 study Trusted Source identified several socioeconomic causes of mental health conditions in 903 Iranian families, including poverty and living on the outskirts of a large city.


The researchers also discussed the disparities in the availability and quality of mental health treatment for men and women.Modifiable factors, which can change over time, are divided into two categories: permanent factors and nonmodifiable factors.


Modifiable risk factors for mental illnesses include socioeconomic conditions, such as whether or not work is available in the neighbourhood


  • Occupation
  • A person’s level of social participation
  • Education
  • The standard of living


Non-changeable factors include

  • Gender
  • Age
  • Ethnicity


Gender is listed as both a modifiable and nonmodifiable factor in the study. The researchers discovered that being female increased the risk of having poor mental health by 3.96 times.

In this study, people with “low economic status” had the worst mental health conditions.


Biological variables


According to the NIMH, genetic family history can increase the likelihood of Trusted Source of mental health conditions, because certain genes and gene variants put a person at a higher risk.risk.


Many other factors, however, contribute to the development of these disorders


The presence of a gene linked to a mental health disorder, such as depression or schizophrenia, does not guarantee the development of the condition. Similarly, people who do not have related genes or a family history of mental illness can still have mental health problems.

Stress, depression, and anxiety can develop as a result of underlying, life-changing physical health issues like cancer, diabetes, and chronic pain.


Common mental health conditions


The following are the most common types of mental illness:


  • Anxiety problems
  • Disorders of the mood
  • Disorders of schizophrenia


Anxiety problems


Anxiety disorders are the most common type of mental illness, according to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America.

People suffering from these conditions have severe Fear or anxiety related to specific objects or situations Most people with anxiety disorders will try to avoid whatever causes their anxiety.


Anxiety disorders include the following


Anxiety disorder in general (GAD)

GAD is defined by the American Psychiatric Association as excessive worry that interferes with daily life.

People may also experience physical symptoms such as

  • Restlessness
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle tension
  • Sleep disruption


In people with GAD, a bout of anxiety symptoms does not always require a specific trigger.


They may have excessive anxiety when confronted with everyday situations that do not pose a direct threat, such as chores or keeping appointments. A person suffering from GAD may experience anxiety even when no trigger exists.


Panic disorders


Panic disorder sufferers regular panic attacks characterised by sudden, overwhelming terror or a sense of impending disaster and death



There are various types of phobias


Simple phobias


These are characterised by an abnormal fear of specific objects, scenarios, or animals. A common example is a fear of spiders. More information on simple phobias can be found here.


Social phobia


Also known as social anxiety, this is the fear of being judged by others. People who suffer from social phobia frequently limit their exposure to social situations. More information can be found here.


Agoraphobia is a fear of situations in which getting away may be difficult, such as being trapped in an elevator or a moving train. Many people mistake this phobia for a fear.of being outdoors Learn everything there is to know about agoraphobia right here.


Phobias are deeply personal, and doctors are not familiar with all of them. There may be thousands of phobias, and what appears unusual to one person may be a severe problem that dominates one’s daily life to another.


Obsessive-compulsive syndrome (OCD)


Obsessions and compulsions are common in people with OCD. In other words, they have constant, stressful thoughts and a strong desire to perform repetitive acts like hand washing.


Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)


PTSD can develop after experiencing or witnessing a highly stressful or traumatic event.

During this type of event, the individual believes that their life or the lives of others are in danger. They may be afraid or believe they have There is no control over what is happening. These trauma and fear sensations may then contribute to PTSD.


Mood imbalances


Mood disorders are also known as affective disorders or depressive disorders.

People with these conditions experience significant mood changes, which usually involve either mania (a period of high energy and elation) or depression. Mood disorders include the following:


Major depression


A person suffering from major depression has a constant low mood and loses interest in previously enjoyed activities and events. They may experience long periods of sadness or extreme sadness.


Bipolar disorder


A bipolar disorder patient experiences unusual changes.


Trusted Source in their mood, energy levels, activity levels, and ability to continue everyday life Manic phases are characterised by high mood, whereas depressive phases are characterised by low mood. Learn more about the various types of bipolar here.


Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)


This type of major depression is triggered by reduced daylight during the fall, winter, and early spring months dependable source. It is most prevalent in countries located far from the equator. Learn more about SAD by clicking here.




There are numerous approaches to dealing with mental health issues. Treatment is extremely personal, and what works for one person may not work for another.

Some strategies or treatments are more effective when used in conjunction with others. A person suffering from a chronic mental disorder may pursue various options throughout their life.

The individual must collaborate closely with a doctor who can assist them in identifying their needs and providing appropriate treatment.

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